Thursday, October 20 2016 20:15 EEST
Ukraine
Verkhovna Rada adopts Declaration of Memory and Solidarity: Ukraine condems Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact as a direct reason of the Second World War
Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine, adoption, Declaration of Memory and Solidarity, Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact,  Second World War, Poland, the Sejm, politics, EU, Europe, Russia, USSR, Nazi Germany

Today, October 20, the Sejm of the Republic of Poland and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted Declaration of Memory and Solidarity. In acordance with strategic partnership between states, stressing unwavering commitment to the fundamental principles of international law and to the common defence of the territorial integrity and inviolability of the borders, neighbours expressed their vision concerning the Second World War.

Both parties mentioned the great historic sacrifice, nations had been forced to incur in the attempt to defend their freedom and independence during the most terrible war in the human history. 

In order to  remember the heroic resistance of Polish and Ukrainian anti-Communist and anti-Nazi forces who laid a moral foundation for the restoration of independence  countries decided to sign the document.

Representatives of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine jointly adopted Declaration of Memory and Solidarity to pay homage to the memory of millions of victims of nations during World War II and to condemn external aggressors who attempted to destroy our national independence,

Document states the fact that the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact concluded on 23 August 1939 between two totalitarian regimes – the Communist USSR and Nazi Germany - led to the outbreak of the Second World War caused by the aggression of Germany that was joined by the Soviet Union on 17 September 1939. As a consequence of those events, Poland was occupied by Germany and the Soviet Union, followed by mass-scale repressions against our peoples. These events also led to the approval of decisions in Yalta in 1945, which ushered in a new stage in enslaving the entire Eastern and Central Europe, which lasted for half a century,

Declaration also notes the reason that led to such adverse consequences as 'the weakness of international response to the rise of totalitarian and chauvinistic ideologies and the absence of necessary response towards aggressors flouting international law, as well as the policy of appeasement that encouraged the aggression of the Communist and Nazi regimes and the ensuing re-division of Europe'.

In light of above-mentioned claims parties underlined the need to strengthen unbiased historical research and to restrain those forces that provoke controversy in bothcountries. They also condemned the aggressive foreign policy of the Russian Federation, the Russian occupation of Crimea, implementation and support by the Kremlin of the military intervention in eastern Ukraine, the violation of the fundamental norms of international law and treaties concluded with Ukraine, the failure by Russia to honour its agreements and its hybrid information war are posing a threat to peace and security in the whole of Europe,

Poland and Ukraine have underlined the necessity of the joint commitment to measures towards a peaceful settlement of the conflict in the east of Ukraine and the restoration of its territorial integrity and are ready to undertake cohesive actions in the framework of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation against new threats and express support to a deeper cooperation between the Alliance and Ukraine as well as to Ukraine’s strategic goal of becoming a NATO member. 

In the conclusion parties urged 'all peoples of the entire Europe to remember the causes and consequences of World War II and to make joint efforts to defend security and freedom'.

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