The report is is based on interviews with 40 victims of abuses, their family members, witnesses, victims’ lawyers, and other sources.
Both the Ukrainian government authorities and Russia-backed militants in eastern Ukraine are holding civilians in prolonged, arbitrary, and sometimes secret detention and torturing them, according to a joint 56-page report by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch released Thursday, July 21, Unian reports.
Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch documented nine cases of arbitrary, prolonged detention of civilians by the Ukrainian authorities – including some cases of enforced disappearances – in informal detention sites and nine cases of arbitrary, prolonged detention of civilians by Russian-backed militants.
Most of the cases detailed in the report took place in 2015 and the first half of 2016.
'It is never legal or justified to seize people off the streets, cut them off from contact with family and lawyers, and beat and abuse them,' said Tanya Lokshina, senior researcher for Europe and Central Asia at Human Rights Watch.
'Torture and secret detention are not historical – or unknown – practices in Ukraine. They are taking place right now, on both sides of the conflict,' said Denis Krivosheev, Eurasia Research Director at Amnesty International. 'Those countries providing support – to whatever side – know this perfectly well. They must not continue to turn a blind eye to these abhorrent abuses.'
The Ukrainian authorities and pro-Kyiv paramilitary groups have detained civilians suspected of involvement with or supporting Russian-backed militants, while the pro-Russian forces have detained civilians suspected of supporting or spying for the Ukrainian government, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch found.
In the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk people’s republics, local security services, which operate without any checks and balances, have arbitrarily detained civilians and, in some cases, tortured them. Residents of Donetsk and Luhansk described respective de facto state security ministries as the most powerful and the most feared organizations in the self-proclaimed republics.
'The vacuum of the rule of law in separatist-controlled areas deprives people who have been detained of their rights and basically leaves them helpless,' said Lokshina at Human Rights Watch.
The human rights organizations have called on the Russian-backed militants 'to end and investigate all disappearances, arbitrary detentions, torture and ill-treatment of detainees' and 'ensure accountability.'
They also called on the Ukrainian government to 'end, investigate, and ensure accountability for enforced disappearances and arbitrary detentions, as well as introduce and enforce a zero tolerance policy on torture.'