Tuesday, July 12 2016 15:19 EEST
UPA’s actions in Volyn were provoked with Red Army’s offensive - Polish Defense Ministry
Europe, UPA, Poland, Red Army, Antoni Macierewicz, history, USSR, OUN, Ukrainian Nationalists, Second World War, German fascists

The Kremlin's actions spurred the events, which led to the genocide, the head of the department Antoni Macierewicz says.

The Polish Defense Minister Antoni Macierewicz thinks that the actions of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) in 1943-1944 against the Polish population of Volyn were provoked by the offensive of the Red Army at the beginning of the Second World War.

Earlier, the Polish parliament started to consider a draft law that suggests declaring July 11 the National Day of Remembrance for the victims of genocide committed by the Ukrainian nationalists against the population of the Second Polish Republic (1918-1945.) In 1943, this day became the tragic culmination of Ukrainian nationalists’ destruction of the Polish population of Volyn (now the western regions of Ukraine).

The OUN – UPA’s troops then attacked about 100 Polish towns and killed about 100,000 people - mainly women, children and the elderly. Poland now is thinking about declaring the Day of Remembrance not on July 11 as it follows from the history, but on September 17, when the Red Army entered the territory of Poland in 1939.

'I think that September 17 would be better than July 17 from this point of view. This corresponds to the actual course of events,' Macierewicz says. 'One should realize that there would be no July 11 if there were no Soviet aggression on September 17. The Kremlin's actions spurred the events, which led to the genocide in Volyn,' he stated.

The Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) was an ultra-right political organization that operated mainly in western Ukraine. It fought against the Soviets during the Second World War in cooperation with German fascists.

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